C or Do is the first note of the C major scalethe third note of the A minor scale the relative minor of C majorand the fourth note F, A, B, C of the Guidonian handcommonly pitched around The actual frequency has depended on historical pitch standardsand for transposing instruments a distinction is made between written and sounding or concert pitch. Historically, concert pitch has varied.
For an instrument in equal temperament tuned to the A pitch standard widely adopted inmiddle C has a frequency around After the A pitch standard was adopted by musicians, the Acoustical Society of America published new frequency tables for scientific use.
A movement to restore the older A standard has used the banners "Verdi tuning", "philosophical pitch" or the easily confused scientific pitch. On the Grand Staffmiddle-C is notated with a ledger line above the top line of the bass staff or below the bottom line of the treble staff.
Alternatively, it is written on the centre line of a staff using the alto clefor on the fourth line from the bottom, or the second line from the top, of staves using the tenor clef. In vocal music, the term High C sometimes less ambiguously called Top C  can refer to either the soprano's C 6 The term Low C is sometimes used in vocal music to refer to C 2 because this is considered the divide between true basses and bass-baritones: a basso can sing this note easily, whereas other male voices, including bass-baritones, typically cannot.
Tenor C is an organ builder 's term for small C or C 3 In stoplists it usually means that a rank is not full compass, omitting the bottom octave. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Several terms redirect here. Music Educators Journal. Schonberg November 4, The New York Times.
Notes of the chromatic scale. Categories : Musical notes. Hidden categories: Articles with hAudio microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Low C, cello C, 8' C see organ pipe length. Treble C, high C written an octave higher for tenor voices .
Double high C [ citation needed ].This fingering chart includes both basic fingerings and alternatives that are more appropriate in some passages. Some alternate fingerings are designed for fast passages, while others modify the tone, color, or pitch at normal and extreme dynamic levels. These fingerings are the same on oboes and English horns unless specified otherwise.
Note Written Fingering Description Src. D 6 C Basic. Good intonation. For full conservatory models without the Philadelphia key. Use in combination with Eb 5 or D 6. Works on some models. I G Eb Basic. I B G Eb Basic. I Basic. Use in combination with similar G 6 and Bb 6 fingerings. II ——— G ———. Use in combination with C 5. Use in combination with C 5 or alternate C 6. Smooth slur with D6. Sharp, but useful in many high register combinations, such as: chromatic passages including notes Eb 6 through F 6 ; combinations of Eb 6 to F 6D 6 to F 6 to Eb 6Eb 5 to E 6 to Eb 6and Db 5 to F 6 to Eb 6 ; scales of thirds; combinations of Eb 6 and fingerings involving the RH little finger.
II G Eb. Use in combination with similar A 6 and Bb 6 fingerings. In tune, requires lots of air support. Use in combination with similar A 6 fingering. Easy transition with G 6. Submit a fingering for this note or for a higher note.Classically, HAPE occurs in persons normally living at low altitude who travel to an altitude above 2, meters 8, feet. There are many factors that can make a person more susceptible to developing HAPE, including genetic factors, but detailed understanding is lacking and currently under investigation.
HAPE remains the major cause of death related to high-altitude exposure, with a high mortality rate in the absence of adequate emergency treatment. Physiological and symptomatic changes often vary according to the altitude involved. Acute mountain sickness and high altitude cerebral edema may also be present in conjunction with HAPE, however these symptoms may be subtle or not present at all.
The most reliable sign of HAPE is severe fatigue or exercise intolerance, especially in a climber that was previously not displaying this symptom. There are multiple factors that can contribute to the development of HAPE, including sex malegenetic factors, prior development of HAPE, ascent rate, cold exposure, peak altitude, intensity of physical exertion, and certain underlying medical conditions eg, pulmonary hypertension. In studies performed at sea level, HAPE-s people were found to have exaggerated circulatory response to both hypoxia at rest and during exercise.PASSAGGIO in the TENOR VOICE F4-G4
Endothelial tissue dysfunction has also been linked to development of HAPE, including reduced synthesis of NO a potent vasodilatorincreased levels of endothelin a potent vasconstrictorand an impaired ability to transport sodium and water across the epithelium and out of the alveoli. Data on the genetic basis for HAPE susceptibility is conflicting and interpretation is difficult. Though it remains a topic of intense investigation, multiple studies and reviews over the last several years have helped to elucidate the proposed mechanism of HAPE.
The inciting factor of HAPE is the decrease in partial pressure of arterial oxygen caused by the lower air pressure at high altitudes pulmonary gas pressures.
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction HPV occurs diffusely, leading to arterial vasoconstriction in all areas of the lung. This is evidenced by the appearance of "diffuse," "fluffy," and "patchy" infiltrates described on imaging studies of climbers with known HAPE. Although higher pulmonary arterial pressures are associated with the development of HAPE, the presence of pulmonary hypertension may not in itself be sufficient to explain the development of edema ; severe pulmonary hypertension can exist in the absence of clinical HAPE in subjects at high altitude.
The diagnosis of HAPE is entirely based on symptoms and many of the symptoms overlap with other diagnoses. Another cardinal feature of HAPE is the rapid progression to dyspnea at rest. On physical exam, increased breathing rates, increased heart rates, and a low-grade fever People typically do not appear as ill as SpO 2 and chest X-ray films would suggest.
The severity of HAPE is graded. The grades of mild, moderate, or severe HAPE are assigned based upon symptoms, clinical signs, and chest x-ray results for individuals. On physical exam of a suspected HAPE patient the exam findings used to grade the severity are the heart rate, respiratory rate, signs of cyanosis, and severity of lung sounds.
Differential diagnosis:  .In four-part chorale style harmony, the soprano takes the highest part, which often encompasses the melody. The word "soprano" comes from the Italian word sopra above, over, on top of as the soprano is the highest pitch human voice, often given to the leading female roles in operas.
The term "soprano" is also based on the Latin word superius which, like soprano, referred to the highest pitch vocal range of all human voice types.
The soprano has the highest vocal range of all voice typeswith the highest tessitura. A soprano and a mezzo-soprano have a similar range, but their tessituras will lie in different parts of that range.
High-altitude pulmonary edema
Often low notes in higher voices will project less, lack timbre, and tend to "count less" in roles although some Verdi, Strauss and Wagner roles call for stronger singing below the staff.
However, rarely is a soprano simply unable to sing a low note in a song within a soprano role. While not necessarily within the tessitura, a good soprano will be able to sing her top notes full-throated, with timbre and dynamic control.
In SATB four-part mixed chorus, the soprano is the highest vocal range, above the altotenorand bass. Sopranos commonly sing in the tessitura G4-A5. When the composer calls for divisi, sopranos can be separated into Soprano I highest part and Soprano II lower soprano part.
In contrast to choral singing, in classical solo singing a person is classified through the identification of several vocal traits, including range, vocal timbrevocal weightvocal tessituravocal resonanceand vocal transition points lifts or " passaggio " within the singer's voice. Within operaparticular roles are written with specific kinds of soprano voices in mind, causing certain roles to be associated with certain kinds of voices.
Within the soprano voice type category are five generally recognized subcategories: coloratura sopranosoubrettelyric sopranospinto sopranoand dramatic soprano. The coloratura soprano may be a lyric coloratura or a dramatic coloratura. The lyric coloratura soprano is a very agile light voice with a high upper extension capable of fast vocal coloratura. Light coloraturas have a range of approximately middle C C 4 to "high F" in alt F 6 with some coloratura sopranos being able to sing somewhat lower or higher,  e.
The dramatic coloratura soprano is a coloratura soprano with great flexibility in high-lying velocity passages, yet with great sustaining power comparable to that of a full spinto or dramatic soprano. Dramatic coloraturas have a range of approximately "low B" B 3 to "high F" F 6 with some coloratura sopranos being able to sing somewhat higher or lower.
In classical music and opera, a soubrette soprano refers to both a voice type and a particular type of opera role. A soubrette voice is light with a bright, sweet timbre, a tessitura in the mid-range, and with no extensive coloratura.
The soubrette voice is not a weak voice, for it must carry over an orchestra without a microphone like all voices in opera.
The voice, however, has a lighter vocal weight than other soprano voices with a brighter timbre. Many young singers start out as soubrettes, but, as they grow older and the voice matures more physically, they may be reclassified as another voice type, usually either a light lyric soprano, a lyric coloratura soprano, or a coloratura mezzo-soprano. Rarely does a singer remain a soubrette throughout her entire career. The lyric soprano is a warm voice with a bright, full timbre, which can be heard over a big orchestra.
Lyric sopranos have a range from approximately below middle C C 4 to "high D" D 6. The lyric soprano may be a light lyric soprano or a full lyric soprano. Also lirico- spintoItalian for "pushed lyric", the spinto soprano has the brightness and height of a lyric soprano, but can be "pushed" to dramatic climaxes without strain, and may have a somewhat darker timbre.
Spinto sopranos have a range from approximately from B B 3 to "high D" D 6.The level of C-reactive protein CRPwhich can be measured in your blood, increases when there's inflammation in your body. Your doctor might check your C-reactive protein level for infections or for other medical conditions.
A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein hs-CRP test, which is more sensitive than a standard test, also can be used to evaluate your risk of developing coronary artery disease, a condition in which the arteries of your heart are narrowed. Coronary artery disease can lead to a heart attack.
Your doctor might order a CRP test to check for inflammation, which can indicate infection or a chronic inflammatory disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, as well as risk of heart disease. It's thought that a high level of hs-CRP in your blood is associated with an increased risk of heart attacks. A CRP test doesn't indicate the cause of inflammation, though, so it's possible that a high hs-CRP level could mean there's inflammation caused by something besides your heart.
Rather, the test is most useful for people who have a 5 to 10 percent chance of having a heart attack within the next 10 years. This intermediate risk level is determined by the global risk assessment, which is based on lifestyle choices, family history and current health status. The test also helps determine the risk of a second heart attack, as people with a high level of hs-CRP who had a heart attack are more likely to have another event than those with a normal level. People who have a low risk of having a heart attack are less likely to benefit from having an hs-CRP test.
People who have a known high risk of having a heart attack should seek treatment and preventive measures regardless of how high their hs-CRP level is. As with any blood draw, you might have some soreness or bruising around the draw site. The site can become infected, but that's rare. However, if your blood is being drawn for other tests, as well, you might need to fast or follow other instructions.
Ask your doctor if you're having other tests at the same time. Blood is drawn from a vein, usually from your arm.
what is e above high c?
Before the needle is inserted, an elastic band around your upper arm causes the veins in that arm to fill with blood, and the puncture site is cleaned with antiseptic. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood is collected into a vial or syringe.
The band is then removed to restore circulation, and blood continues to flow into the vial. Once enough blood is collected, the needle is removed and the puncture site is covered with a pressure wrap. It can take a few days to get your results.Airpods popping noise
Your doctor should explain to you what the results of your test mean. If you're having an hs-CRP test is to help find out your heart disease risk, remember that your CRP level is only one risk factor for coronary artery disease. If you have a high CRP level, it doesn't necessarily mean you're at a higher risk of developing heart disease. Talk to your doctor about your other risk factors and ways you can try to prevent coronary artery disease and a heart attack.
If you're having an hs-CRP test to evaluate your risk of heart disease, current risk levels used include:. These risk levels aren't a definitive measure of your risk because the ideal indicator of high CRP isn't clearly defined.
Also, because a person's CRP levels vary over time, it's recommended that the average of two tests, ideally taken two weeks apart, be used to determine coronary artery disease risk.
If you're having an hs-CRP test to check for heart disease, your doctor is likely to request a cholesterol test at the same time. Other tests might be done to further evaluate your risk. Your doctor might also recommend lifestyle changes or medications to decrease your risk of a heart attack. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.Color sorting serves to your quick orientation. Green color represents prediction of home win, red color away win, light green home win or draw and light red away win or draw.
No, our predictions and betting tips are based solely on mathematical algorithm. It is just about statistics. Sport can be unpredictable and there is no magic formula ether. In order to choose good bets you need knowledge, experience and an extensive understanding of the game. Our alghoritm can be only one of your guidelines and aids. Which other elements do I have to consider together with your predictions and betting tips.
For example - is there any of the teams good players injured or suspended. Is there any good players back from suspension or injury. Playing against ex-players or manager.
Distances to travel, extent of travelling support. Need to win factor such as promotion, relegation, etc. Is it late season and the team close to the 1st positron, close to the cup positions, or close to relegation (which means they will fight for every point). Live results, live betting. Live results, online betting. Try our free betting tips. Users ratings, profit margins, bonuses and all other important facts.
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This was a fantastic trip - probably the best in natural beauty I've ever taken. Someday, I hope to return, and I will use Nordic Visitor as my choice of travel planner. We cannot wait to return to Iceland and look forward to booking future holidays with Nordic visitor. What was excellent in this case was that we had to do very little ourselves and it was all so well organised and arranged by Alexandra. We wanted to celebrate our Golden Wedding Anniversary by booking an " Iceland Complete " self drive tour of the island and spent many months planning our trip with Nordic Visitor.
The young lady at NV was so helpful and friendly and arranged the most wonderful holiday - comfortable hotels or guesthouses in spectacular positions and only a few hours driving each day. Nothing was too much trouble and she made it all so easy.
NV were so professional with the mapsdetailed itinerarycell phone and lots of helpful advice. It ranks as one of the best holidays we have ever had ,arranged by quite the best travel company we have ever used. We fell in love with Iceland - we have been lucky to travel all over the world and Iceland and our golden holiday will live in our memories for ever. We booked this trip through Nordic Visitor and were very happy we did. They arranged everything nicely and we had very good time in Iceland.
We got to see a lot of Iceland by the Super Jeep excursions. Also we were flown to Akureyri in North of Iceland to see the Northern Lights. Was by far the best organised trip we have been on, Iceland is such a beautiful place, and Nordic Visitor made it all so easy and pointed out all the best places to see.
Our Contact Erla was excellent, very helpful. Loved the champagne and chocolates on arrival at first hotel, a really lovely touch. We have fallen in love with Iceland. It was reassuring to know that help, if needed, was available from the very friendly Nordic Visitor office. The mobile phone which was provided was a nice touch.2019 rav4 auto dimming mirror
Food was of a very high standard. Icelanders are extremely friendly. Yes, the rather shy Northern Lights did make an appearance. A real "WOW" holiday!!. Last minute changes to the hotel bookings were dealt with extremely efficiently. Nordic Visitor were very helpful during the duration of the whole tour. I would like to say that Thordis was particularly helpful when I experienced difficulties after being caught in a snow blizzard and became trapped in my vehicle.
The back up service an support was excellent and helped me greatly during a difficult time. I really enjoyed it.
E♭ (musical note)
It gave me a great taste of Iceland and took away all the hassle of searching for tours and accommodation which is important for me because I have limited free time since I work 80-100 hour weeks. It took me to places in Iceland I may not have considered if I booked on my own. Even though we travel to Europe at least a couple of times a year and do it indepently (find our own accomodation, etc.
Iceland's reputation of being very expensive concerned us too. We pinpointed the potential travel time as early September (2012), during the summer, we started to search more intensely. Tried to compare and understand the kinds and details of services offered by a number of different operators. Self-drive tours appealed to us since we would be still independent but especially accommodations would be arranged for us.
Small towns with potentially limited accomodations and the distance in between did not give a comfort level for arranging our own accomodations. Also the coverage and duration of their tours appealed to us.
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